HIV/AIDS Epidemic in the Republic of Armenia

 

In Armenia registration of HIV cases started in 1988. In general the HIV/AIDS statistics is as follows:

 

1988   -       registration of the first HIV case; the transmission mode is heterosexual intercourse

1988   -       registration of the first AIDS case

1989   -       registration of the first death from AIDS

1990   -       registration of the first case of HIV infection through injecting drug use

1996   -       registration of the first HIV case among women

2000   -       registration of the first case of HIV transmission through homosexual practice

2001   -       registration of the first cases of HIV infection and AIDS among children

2001   -       registration of the first case of child death from AIDS

 

From 1988 to 31 January 2020 3825 HIV cases had been registered in the country among the citizens of the Republic of Armenia with 448 new cases of HIV infection registered during 2019.          

Males constitute a major part in the total number of HIV cases - 2653 cases (69%), females make up 1172 cases (31%). 3825 reported cases include 63 cases of HIV infection among children (1.7%).

About half (50.5%) of the HIV-infected individuals belong to the age group of 25-39 at the moment of the HIV diagnosis receipt.

In the Republic of Armenia the main modes of HIV transmission are through heterosexual practices (72%) and injecting drug use (19%). Additionally, there are also registered cases through homosexual practices, as well as mother-to-child HIV transmission and transmission through blood.

Allocation of HIV cases registered in the Republic of Armenia is as follows:

 

Transmission through heterosexual practices

72.0%

Transmission through injecting drug usage

19.0%

Transmission through homosexual practices

5.0%

Mother-to-child transmission

1.4%

Transmission through blood

0.1%

Unknown

2.5%

 

AIDS diagnosis was made to 1881 patients with HIV, of whom 487 are women and 35 are children. From the beginning of the epidemic 870 death cases have been registered among patients with HIV (including 168 women and 12 children). 

Almost all the individuals infected via injecting drug use were men (99%) and almost all the women (99%) were infected through sexual contacts.

The maximum number of HIV cases was reported in Yerevan, the capital: 1161 cases, which constitute 30% of all the registered cases. Shirak marz follows next - 433 cases, which constitute 11.4% of all the registered cases. The estimation of HIV registered cases per 100 000 population shows the highest rate in Shirak marz – 178.0 followed by Lori, Gegharkunik and Armavir, with the rates of 168.9, 129.9, and 125.3 respectively. 

The HIV/AIDS situation assessment shows that the estimated number of people living with HIV in the country is about 3500, whereof, as of December 2018, 74% (2589) knew their HIV status. Of those HIV-infected people who knew their HIV status, 72% (1871) received ART and 86% (1585) of those on ART had a suppressed viral load.

HIV prevalence among people aged 15-49 is 0.2%.